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In 2002, the FDA approved Suboxone for treatment of opioid addictions and since then, addictions to this drug have also become an issue. Treatment facilities are available with licensed doctors who are experienced in managing these cases of abuse. Suboxone clinics are equipped to handle the high risk of dependency associated with this drug including detox under medical supervision. Withdrawals can be intensely physical and psychological and may last for several days making it extremely dangerous to abruptly discontinue use. A detox process should never be attempted alone or without the monitoring of a qualified physician who is knowledgeable of the dangerous properties that may be associated with this drug. At a Suboxone clinic, the addict can be brought through this process safely and with many treatment options available for continued addiction recovery. The programs to treat Suboxone are most beneficial when treatment is provided through a Suboxone clinic which can customize an inpatient treatment plan ensuring the best possible chance for complete addiction recovery.
What is Suboxone?
Suboxone, or Subutex, is a brand name drug that combines the semi synthetic opioid of buprenorphine with an opioid antagonist, Naloxone , which blocks opioid receptors in the central nervous system. The naloxone is activated when the addict injects the drug intravenously or in cases of overdose. It is marketed in the form of a lime flavored pill or dissolving film and recently been approved by the FDA for treatment of opioid addictions such as heroin. It may also be prescribed for treatment of chronic pain or post operative pain. Suboxone is classified as a Controlled Substance and Schedule III narcotic. It must be prescribed by a licensed physician and its abusive properties are considered less than those of a Schedule I or II drug.
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Can Suboxone cause overdose?
Suboxone overdose occurs when the drug is abused in ways other than prescribed. If it is used more often or through other methods such as snorting or injecting, there is a heavier risk for overdose. The tendency to abuse this drug comes from its powerful opioid effects. However, addicts with a tolerance to opiates are not likely to overdose unless Suboxone is used in conjunction with sedatives, tranquilizers, muscle relaxers, other benzodiazepines or alcohol. Overdose cannot be easily reversed. It requires proper medical attention and it is important to seek help when symptoms of overdose appear. These symptoms commonly include fainting, drowsiness, cold and clammy skin, shallow breathing, weak pulse, and pinpoint pupils. When a person overdoses on Suboxone, it is advisable to undergo an addiction treatment program.
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Detox from suboxone should always be provided under medical supervision of a qualified physician. This process can be extremely dangerous both physically and psychologically. Severe withdrawal symptoms can occur and may last for days. The drug has a half life of 36 hours making the detox process longer than that of other opiate drugs. Understanding the adverse effects associated with detox from Suboxone and access to proper medical care is the only safe way to ensure the process is successful.
When Suboxone is prescribed to treat opioid addictions, the drug produces withdrawal effects when it is misused such as injecting or taking more than prescribed. When this antagonist property is activated, it’s deterrence to misuse is one the main reasons it may be considered a successful treatment option for those cases. Considering that the tendency to overuse and abuse opiate drugs is common for addicts as their tolerance increases, Suboxone addicts who indulge in this type of behavior are susceptible to varying amounts of withdrawal symptoms. The physical symptoms are similar to other opioid withdrawal symptoms and may include headaches, nausea, sweating, vomiting, aches and pains, muscle cramps, drowsiness or respiratory problems while the psychological symptoms may include severe anxiety, depression, nightmares, convulsions, or suicide. It is important to understand that this drug has a half life of approximately 36 hours and these symptoms can range in severity or duration. The process is dangerous and should always be attended by medical personnel who can address both the physical and psychological symptoms as they arise.
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Addiction Treatment Uses
Suboxone, Subutex, and Buprenorphine have been used as an effective treatment for opiate addictions including pain pills and commonly heroin. The drug satisfies the dependency on opioids while providing an antagonist intended to deter abuse. Long term use of this drug can result in addictions and some may consider it a trade off from one addiction to the other. The difference is that this drug is prescribed by qualified physicians who understand the nature of addiction and can monitor the dosages most beneficial to the user. As the dosage is gradually reduced, the addict’s cravings for the opiod are also reduced leading to the goal of recovery.